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The committee was intended to independently propose measures regardless of the wishes of various ministries, with Hitler reserving most final decisions to himself.
The result was that nothing changed, and the Committee of Three declined into irrelevance. While Article 24 of the National Socialist Program called for conditional toleration of Christian denominations and a Reichskonkordat Reich Concordat treaty with the Vatican was signed in , purporting to guarantee religious freedom for Catholics, Hitler believed that religion was fundamentally incompatible with National Socialism.
Bormann, who was strongly anti-Christian, agreed; he stated publicly in that "National Socialism and Christianity are irreconcilable.
Bormann was one of the leading proponents of the ongoing persecution of the Christian churches. The following year he ruled that any members of the clergy who were holding party offices should be dismissed, and that any party member who was considering entering the clergy had to give up his party membership.
As part of the campaign against the Catholic Church , hundreds of monasteries in Germany and Austria were confiscated by the Gestapo and their occupants were expelled.
In a series of sermons that received international attention, he criticised the programme as illegal and immoral. His sermons led to a widespread protest movement among church leaders , the strongest protest against a Nazi policy up until that point.
Hitler decided to deal with the issue when the war was over. This non-Christian theism, tied to Nordic blood, was current in Germany long before Bormann wrote down his own thoughts on the matter.
It must now be restored, and the catastrophic mistakes of the past centuries, which had put the power of the state into the hands of the Church, must be avoided.
The Gauleiters are advised to conquer the influence of the Christian Churches by keeping them divided, encouraging particularism among them However, Richard Overy describes Bormann as an atheist.
Preoccupied with military matters and spending most of his time at his military headquarters on the eastern front , Hitler came to rely more and more on Bormann to handle the domestic policies of the country.
Bormann was invariably the advocate of extremely harsh, radical measures when it came to the treatment of Jews, the conquered eastern peoples, and prisoners of war.
Evans estimates that 5. Knowing Hitler viewed Slavic people as inferior, Bormann opposed the introduction of German criminal law into the conquered eastern territories.
He lobbied for and eventually achieved a strict separate penal code that implemented martial law for the Polish and Jewish inhabitants of these areas.
The "Edict on Criminal Law Practices against Poles and Jews in the Incorporated Eastern Territories", promulgated 4 December , permitted corporal punishment and death sentences for even the most trivial of offences.
Bormann supported the hard-line approach of Erich Koch , Reichskommissar in Reichskommissariat Ukraine , in his brutal treatment of Slavic people. Alfred Rosenberg , serving as head of the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories , favoured a more moderate policy.
After touring collective farms around Vinnytsia , Ukraine, Bormann was concerned about the health and good physical constitution of the population, as he was concerned that they could constitute a danger to the regime.
After discussion with Hitler, he issued a policy directive to Rosenberg that read in part:. The Slavs are to work for us. The fertility of the Slavs is undesirable.
As to food, they are to not get more than necessary. We are the masters; we come first. Poorly equipped and trained, the men were sent to fight on the eastern front, where nearly , of them were killed without having any discernible impact on the Soviet advance.
The Battle of Berlin , the final major Soviet offensive of the war, began on 16 April He and several others had been ordered by Hitler to leave Berlin.
Bormann was named executor of the estate. That same night, Hitler married Eva Braun in a civil ceremony.
As Soviet forces continued to fight their way into the centre of Berlin, Hitler and Braun committed suicide on the afternoon of 30 April.
Braun took cyanide and Hitler shot himself. The tank was hit by Soviet artillery and destroyed, and Bormann and Stumpfegger were knocked to the ground.
He saw two bodies, which he later identified as Bormann and Stumpfegger, on a bridge near the railway switching yard. Sightings were reported in Argentina, Spain, and elsewhere.
The trial got underway on 20 November On 15 October he was sentenced to death by hanging, with the provision that if he were later found alive, any new facts brought to light at that time could be taken into consideration to reduce the sentence or overturn it.
Over the coming years, several organisations, including the CIA and the West German Government, attempted to locate Bormann without success.
In , a retired postal worker named Albert Krumnow told police that around 8 May the Soviets had ordered him and his colleagues to bury two bodies found near the railway bridge near Lehrter station.
One was dressed in a Wehrmacht uniform and the other was clad only in his underwear. They in turn destroyed it. Excavations on 20—21 July at the site specified by Axmann and Krumnow failed to locate the bodies.
The family was not permitted to cremate the body, in case further forensic examination later proved necessary. Hitler was a frequent visitor to the Buch house, and it was here that Bormann met him.
Hess and Hitler served as witnesses at the wedding. Gerda Bormann and the children fled Obersalzberg for Italy on 25 April after an Allied air attack.
She died of cancer on 26 April , in Merano , Italy. He later left the priesthood and married. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Nazi Party leader and private secretary to Adolf Hitler. He was released in as part of a general amnesty.
Members of the Hitler Cabinet. Konstantin von Neurath Joachim von Ribbentrop. Wilhelm Frick Heinrich Himmler. In he received an appointment as lecturer in Geophysics, was promoted to Reader in Geophysics in and in appointed Professor of Geophysics.
Bott dealt first with the interpretation of magnetic and gravimetric anomalies in England, including Devon and Cornwall  and in the eastern Alps.
In the s Bott published papers on the use of digital computation methods for solving geophysical problems  and further work on the structure of the crust, regional geophysical studies in England and Ireland.
In the early s he published his textbook The Interior of the Earth , in which he summarised the current knowledge about the structure of the earth.
Bott was a Vice-President of Christians in Science. He died on 20 October at the age of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
FRS Wollaston Medal University of Durham Columbia University. Check date values in: The deep structure of Northumberland and Co. A geophysical study of the granites in relation to crystal structure PhD thesis.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. The Interior of the Earth.
Sedimentary Basins of Continental Margins and Cratons ; based on the symposium The Interior of the Earth: